იოსებ არჩვაძე, ლია ქურხული

asd

ეკონომიკური საკითხები საქართველოს პატრიარქის გზავნილებში

ekonomikuri sakiTxebi saqarTvelos patriarqis gzavnilebSi

(saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarq ilia meoris

saSobao da saaRdgomo epistoleebis mixedviT)

saqarTvelos eklesiis saWeTmpyrobeli ilia meore ukve TiTqmis oTxi aTeuli welia ara marto saTaveSi udgas saqarTvelos avtokefalur eklesias, aramed warmoadgens qveynis upirveles moralur avtoritets, pirovnebas, romelsac udidesi wvlili miuZRvis saqarTvelos damoukideblobis mopovebisa da ganmtkicebisaTvis qarTveli xalxis mobilizebaSi, misi erovnuli energiis swori, RvTisTvis misaRebi gziT warmarTvaSi. igi dReisaTvis erTaderTi pirovnebaa marTlamdideblur samyaroSi, romelmac ara marto gamoatara, gamoarida sakuTari xalxi, samwyso totalur aTeizms, STabera da gaaZliera misi  rwmena, aramed mniSvnelovani wvlili Seitana damoukidebeli saxelmwifos mSeneblobasa da am qveynis Tanamedrove msoflio civilizaciaSi Rirseuli adgilis damkvidrebaSi. mis sityvas, qadagebas udidesi mniSvneloba aqvs da ara marto Cveni qveynis marTlmadidebeli mrevlisaTvis, aramed sxva konfesiis warmomadgenlebisaTvis, sazRvargareTis saxelmwifoTa xelmZRvanelebisa da oficialuri pirebisTvis.

gansakuTrebuli aRniSvnis Rirsia is saaRdgomo da saSobao epistoleebi, romlebiTac saqarTvelos patriarqi weliwadSi orjer mimarTavs Tavis mrevls udidesi qristianuli dResaswaulebis dadgomasTan dakavSirebiT. aRniSnul epistoleebSi saeklesio cxovrebis sakiTxebTan erTad ganxilulia sazogadoebis materialuri da sulieri cxovrebis umniSvnelovanesi sakiTxebi, problemebi, romlebic awuxebs sazogadoebas da romelTa gadaWris gzebs igi Tavisi sulieri moZRvaris rCeviTa da locva-kurTxeviT eZebs. maTze saubrisas da qadagebisas patriarqi xSirad iSveliebs ara marto wminda wignis calkeul nawilebs, saeklesio avtoritetebisa da wmindanebis gamonaTqvamebs, aramed im adamianTa Sexedulebebsac, romlebmac Rrma kvali datoves msoflio civilizaciis, mwerlobisa da mecnierebis ganviTarebaSi, biznesis sferoSi (konfuci, platoni, sulxan-saba orbeliani, vaJa-fSavela,  hegeli, henri fordi,   jorj vaSingtoni,  ivane javaxiSvili, Salva nucubiZe, pavle ingoroyva, dimitri uznaZe  da mravali sxva).

am epistoleebSi Camoyalibebuli mosazrebebi erTdroulad aqtualuricaa, radgan exmianebian mocemuli momentisaTvis qveynisaTvis, „erisa da berisaTvis“ saWirboroto sakiTxebs, da maradiulic, radganac exebian adamianis rwmenisa da ufalTan damokidebulebis sakiTxebs misi qmedebis nebismieri, maT Soris ekonomikuri aspeqtiT ganxilvisas. isini Seicaven mkafio rekomendaciebs  adamianis adgilis, misi unar-Cvevebis gamovlenis realizaciis Taobaze axali,  globaluri ekonomikisa da axali teqnologiuri da mecnieruli miRwevebis pirobebSi.

patriarqis epistoleebSi saeklesio cxovrebis sakiTxebTan erTad tradiciulad didi yuradReba eqceva ekonomikis, ekonomikuri urTierTobebis, Sromis, warmoebisa da simdidris urTierTdamokidebulobisa da ganpirobebulobis sakiTxebs, maT mimarTebas sulierebasTan da rwmenasTan.

patriarqi gansakuTrebiT xazs usvams drois mniSvnelobas, mis  swrafwarmavlobas da misi racionalurad, gonivrulad, sikeTis sakeTeblad gamoyenebis aucileblobas. igi iSveliebs solomon brZenis naTqvams, „nu iqadi xualisa dRisaTs, rameTu ara uwyi, rasa Sobs Semomsuleli dRe“ (igav. 27, 1); xazs usvams, rom adamianma ar unda daxarjos dro wvrilmanebze, ar unda miejaWvos materialur samyaros (saSobao epistole, 1985), rom  „miwiersa da yoveldRiurze zrunvam ar unda dagvaviwyos suli da sulieri kultura, radgan usulod nebismierma miRwevam SeiZleba dakargos fasi da TviT adamianis sawinaaRmdegod miimarTos“ (saaRdgomo epistole, 1986). igi araerTgzis ubrundeba aRniSnul Temas, xazgasmiT aRniSnavs ra, rom  „ubeduria, vinc dros ar iyenebs da ar icis misi fasi. dakarguli fuli SeiZleba ipovo, darRveuli megobroba ganaaxlo, Seryeuli janmrTeloba aRidgino, SegiZlia iyido, gayido da kvlav iyido saxli, miwa, qoneba, magram ar arsebobs SesaZlebloba imisa, rom daibruno dakarguli dro. ver daibruneb verc erT wuTs, sikeTis qmnis gareSe uqmad Cavlils“. (saSobao epistole, 1991).

patriarqis gansakuTrebul yuradRebas uTmobs ekonomikas, da adamianTa Sromas, Sromis kulturis, eTikis, mniSvnelobas ara marto keTildReobisa da arsebobis uzrunvelyofis, aramed sulierebis kuTxiTac. Sromas igi ganixilavs adamianuri bednierebis pirobad -  „rodesac ufalma akurTxa adamis modgma ofliT TvisiT moepovebina puri arsobisa, es iyo ara dasja, aramed - dalocva“  (saSobao epistole, 1994). yvelanairi Sroma sapatioa, radganac „adamianis harmoniuli ganviTarebisaTvis aucilebelia rogorc inteleqtualuri, ise SemoqmedebiTi da fizikuri Sroma“ (saSobao epistole, 2010).  “sworad rom vicxovroT, fizikuri, inteleqtualuri da sulieri Sroma unda SevuTavsoT erTmaneTs” (saaRdgomo epistole, 2016).patriarqi Seagonebs mrevls, Tu „raoden sasiamovnoa SromiT daRla, Tu misi nayofi sikeTis momtania da sixaruls aniWebs sxvebs“ (saaRdgomo epistole, 1997). igi daufaravad acxadebs, rom mSoblebi, romlebic arideben, ar aswavlian Svilebs Sromas, Sromisadmi siyvaruls, am ukanasknelT daTvur samsaxurs uweven, didi borotebas Cadian, radganac maT cxovrebisaTvis moumzadebels toveben (iqve).

is, rom Sromis mizani da Sedegi marto keTildReobis miRweva ar aris da rom igi sulier ganviTarebasac, srulyofasac  uwyobs xels, rom Sromis yoveldRiur wesad miCneva Semoqmedma dagvisaxa, xazgasmulia patriarqis TiTqmis yovel epistoleSi.

gansakuTrebuli aRniSvnis Rirsia is garemoeba, rom dasaqmeba da Sroma  warmoadgens patriarqis zrunvis sagans ara marto sazogadoebis rigiTi wevrebisaTvis, aramed TavisuflebaaRkveTili pirebisa da patimrobidan gaTavisuflebuli adamianebisTvisac. igi pirdapir mimarTavs xelisuflebas: „kargi iqneba, cixeebSi Seiqmnas samuSao adgilebi, sadac isini SeZleben Tavisi niWisa da SesaZleblobebis gamoyenebas. realizebuli adamiani ki sazogadoebisaTvis nakleb saSiSia“ (saaRdgomo epistole, 2012). igi saero xelisuflebas imasac miuTiTebs, rom aucilebelia mimagrebis da sxva alternatiuli sasjelebis amoqmedeba im patimarTa mimarT, romelnic saSiS damnaSaveebs ar warmoadgenen.

mrevlisadmi mowodeba ar Semoifargleba mxolod Sromis mniSvnelobisa da siqvelis aRniSvniT. patriarqis mkafiod, calsaxad mouwodebs mrevls iniciativis gamoCenisaken. exlandeli Taoba aRar cxovrobs totalitarul sazogadoebaSi, romelSic yvelafers  xelisufleba wyvetda, xolo adamiani am gadawyvetilebis mxolod meqanikuri aRmsrulebeli rCeboda. Sesabamisad, axla sxva droa da kerZo iniciativis gareSe SeuZlebelia cxovreba (ix. saSobao epistole, 1999). 

gansakuTrebiTia misi mowodeba, mimarTva axalgazrdebisadmi: Tu Tqven srulad gamoavlenT Tqvens inteleqts, Tqvens gonebriv Tu fizikur SesaZleblobebs, sikeTis momtani iqnebiT qveynisaTvisac da sakuTari TavisTvisac (saSobao epistole, 1996). mowodeba calsaxaa: RvTisgan boZebuli niWis gamovleniT uzrunvelyaviT dovlaTis warmoeba da gamoxateT mzaoba sxvebis daxmarebisaken.

 patriarqi iZleva warmatebis formulasac: ar SeuSindeT marcxs. Tu erT saqmeSi ar gagimarTlaT, xeli mohkideT meores. kargad gaacnobiereT Tqveni SesaZleblobebi, SeiswavleT Tqvenive Tavi, nu iqnebiT sxvisi daxmarebis momlodine, gamoiCineT sazrianoba da warmatebas aucileblad miaRwevT. (ix. saSobao epistole, 1999). amasTan, igi aqcents akeTebs warmatebaSi, nebismieri problemis daZlevaSi  sakuTari Zalebis rwmenaSi, Sinagan mobilizaciaSi, SeupovrobaSi.„uSromelad miRebuli Tanxa baraqas ver gamoiRebs. daxmareba, investiciebi, kreditebi saWiroa, magram mTavari ar aris. mTavaria Cven TviTon daviwyoT Sroma...“ (saaRdgomo epistole, 2000). igi imowmebs ioane oqropiris naTqvams, rom Tavisi sizarmaciT zarmaci arRvevs RvTaebriv wesrigs da araraobad aqcevs Tavis yofas. dovlaTis Seqmnas da gacemas aqvs  mkafio pozitiuri Sedegi - dovlaTis Semqmneli da gamcemi  xeli carieli ar darCeba, „zarmacis xels siRaribe moaqvs, muyaiTisas ki - simdidre“ (igav. 10, 4). (saSobao epistole, 1995).

 patriarqis gansakuTrebuli yuradRebis sagans warmoadgens sofeli da soflis meurneoba. aRniSnulze cnobilia misi mosazrebebi saqarTvelos sasazRvro zolSi specialuri dasaxlebebis formirebis Taobaze. aseve didi yuradRebas uTmobs patriarqi ekologiurad sufTa produqtebis warmoebis sakiTxs da zogadad agraruli seqtoris maRali standartebis uzrunvelyofas, rogorc  qveynis simdidris SenarCunebisa da momavali Taobis janmrTelobis uzrunvelyofis pirobas (ix. saSobao epistole, 2007; saSobao epistole, 2009; saaRdgomo epistole, 2011, saaRdgomo epistole, 2012 da sxv.). patriarqi xazs usvams, saqarTvelo yovelTvis iyo da „kvlavac unda gaxdes vazisa da xorblis qveyana.  Cveni winaprebisTvis Rvino da puri macxovris xorcisa da sisxlis simbolos ukavSirdeboda da, amitomac qarTvel glexs maTdami yovelTvis gansakuTrebuli damokidebuleba hqonda da gansakuTrebuladac uvlida; da es unda aRdges“ (saSobao epistole, 2009). es mowodeba naTqvamia im xelisuflebis  dros, romelmac scada fuladi kompensaciis sanacvlod moexdina mosaxleobis waxaliseba vazis asaCexad. am naTqvams aqtualoba ar daukargavs dReisTvisac, rodesac agraruli seqtori xelisuflebis mxridan gacilebiT meti  yuradRebiT sargeblobs. gamosasworebelia xorbliT TviTuzrunvelyofis (adgilobrivi warmoebis Tanafardoba moxmarebasTan) donis (8 procenti) CamorCena yurZnis TviTuzrunvelyofis donesTan (141 procenti).  mdgomareobis gamosworebis gzebs patriarqi xedavs ara marto agraruli seqtoris xelSemwyob saxelmwifo politikaSi, (saxelmwifo dotaciebi, sarwyavi wyliTa da saZovrebiT uzrunvelyofa, raionebSi ufaso sakonsultacio centrebis amoqmedeba...), aramed mosaxleobis aqtiurobaSic - janmrTelobisTvis mavne produqciaze uaris TqmaSi,  miwis damuSavebasa da mcire sawarmoebis SeqmnaSi.samwuxaroa, magram faqtia, rom dReisTvis saqarTvelos Semoaqvs soflis meurneobis kvebis produqtebis 80%; arada qveyanas aqvs realuri SesaZlebloba imisa, rom srulad daakmayofilos mosaxleobis moTxovnileba da mis gatanazec ifiqros. amisTvis ki, unda gaZlierdes rogorc ojaxuri meurneobebi da waxalisdes sxva kerZo iniciativebi; adgilze unda aSendes gadamamuSavebeli mcire sawarmoebi, Seiqmnas meqanizebuli jgufebi, romlebic soflebs moemsaxurebian”. (saaRdgomo epistole, 2016)

patriarqi farTo propagandas uwevs mowinave msoflio gamocdilebas soflis meurneobis organizebisa da mowinave teqnologiebis gamoyenebas. yuradRebis miRma ar rCeba is saintereso gamocdileba, rac sasoflo kooperativebis formirebis mxriv gavrcelebulia israelSi kibucebis saxiT.

Tavis epistoleebSi patriarqi araerTgzis ubrundeba iseT mniSvnelovan sakiTxsac, rogoricaa ganaTlebada am sferoSi dasaqmebulTa Sromis anazRaureba. aniWebs ra udides mniSvnelobas maswavleblis Sromas, uwmindesi pirdapir acxadebs, rom yvelaze didi xelfasi, nebismieri profesiis adamianebTan SedarebiT, pedagogebs unda hqondeT, radgan isini ayalibeben qveynisa da eris momavals da ar arsebobs amaze metad sapasuxismgeblo sxva profesia... aq unda mivizidoT yvelaze niWieri kadrebi, iseTni, romelnic gamorCeulni iqnebian ara marto codniT, aramed, upirveles yovlisa, Rrma rwmeniT, siyvaruliT, didi moTminebiT da sxva keTili TvisebebiT, rasac Semdeg isini TavianT moswavleebs gadascemen (ix. saaRdgomo epistole, 1991; saaRdgomo epistole, 2007, da sxv.).  amasTan, igi xazs usvams, rom ar SeiZleba am sferoSi, pedagogad SemTxveviTi adamianebi muSaobdnen.

unda iTqvas, rom patriarqi ar Semoifargleba mxolod saSualo da umaRlesi ganaTlebis sferoSi dasaqmebulebisa da maTi uzrunvelyofis sakiTxebiT. igi problemas kidev ufro afarToebs da imave konteqstSi ganixilavs mecnierebis, rogorc moRvaweobis sferosa da am saqmeSi inteligenciis rolis mniSvnelobas da maTdami Sesabamisi mopyrobis aucileblobas. „mecnierebis ganviTarebis gareSe qveyanas ara aqvs momavali, radgan eris sulierebisa da ganaTlebisa erT-erT umTavres Zalas swored isini (mecniereba da inteligencia. - i.a.; l.q.) warmoadgenen“. (saSobao epistole, 2010).

ilia meore mouwodebs pedagogebs, rom skolaSi yofnis periodSi moswavleebi xSirad  ataron sawarmoebsa da samecniero dawesebulebebSi, raTa maT garkveuli warmodgena SeeqmnaT ama Tu im saqmianobaze. „skolaSi bavSvma aucileblad unda SeiTvisos raime xeloba, romelic mas mTeli sicocxlis manZilze gamoadgeba. arCeuli specialoba unda ainteresebdes moswavles da unda iyos iseTi, rom am xelobiT, saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, irCinos Tavisi Tavic da ojaxic“  (saaRdgomo epistole, 1991). aRniSnul sakiTxs igi TiTqmis yvela epistoleSi exeba. amasTan, ganaTlebas igi ganixilavs ufro farTod, vidre skolis institutia, mas igi ukavSirebs garemos Secnobis, gaTavisebisa da urTierTobis, kavSiris damyarebis   process.

SeiZleba iTqvas, rom patriarqis am mowodebis pasuxs, Tumca ramdenadme dagvianebuls, warmoadgens saqarTvelos ganaTlebisa da mecnierebis saministros mier 2015-2016 saswavlo wlidan saqarTvelos sxvadasxva regionis 221 sajaro skolis  moswavleebSi samewarmeo, dagegmvisa da organizebis unar-Cvevebis ganviTarebis xelSemwyobi sagnis „mewarmeobis safuZvlebi“ danergvis procesi. sagani  moswavleebs daexmareba arCevanis gakeTebaSi, Tu rogor SeiZleba idea gadaiqces Semosavlis momtan, TviTgamoxatvis, TviTdasaqmebisa da sxvebis dasaqmebis konkretul saqmianobad, profesiis arCevasTan dakavSirebiT swori gadawyvetilebis miRebis damxmare saSualebad.

ilia meore xazgasmiT aRniSnavs ganaTlebis, mecnierebisa da axali teqnologiebis mniSvnelobas ekonomikuri progresisa da Tanamedrove qarTuli saxelmwifos formirebisaTvis. uwmindesis sityvebiT, „warmatebiT mxolod is erebi da saxelmwifoebi viTardebodnen, romlebic alRos uRebdnen drois moTxovnebs“ (saaRdgomo epistole, 2006).

amasTan, patriarqis epistoleebSi xazgasmulia, rom ganaTlebis, gansakuTrebiT  mecnierebisa da teqnologiebis ganviTareba Sesabamisi sulierebisa da pasuxismgeblobis gareSe seriozuli safrTxeebisa da riskebis matarebelia TviT am pirovnebisa da mTeli sazogadoebisaTvis. igi aRniSnavs, rom „adamiani ... sulierad moumzadebeli Sexvda mecnierul aRmoCenebs. pirovnebis sulieri ganviTarebis procesi metad CamorCa teqnikur progress da radgan erTi meores ar ganapirobebs, dairRva wonasworoba; aman ki warmoSva saSiSroeba da Cven winaSe daayena mravali gadauWreli problema“ (saSobao epistole, 1993; ix. agreTve saaRdgomo epistole, 2002). ilia meore xazs usvams, rom „mecnierebam da teqnikam axali gzebi da saSualebebi gamoavlina adamianis ganviTarebisaTvis. mTeli ubedureba isaa, rom am mecnierul miRwevebs kacobrioba sulierad da moralurad moumzadebeli Sexvda da sikeTis nacvlad igi zogierTma borotebis saTaved aqcia“. (saSobao epistole, 1984).

patriarqi mimarTvis adresati mrevlTan erTad, rogorc wesi, saxelmwifo da xelisuflebis institutebicaa. erTerTi aseTi mimarTva xelisuflebisadmi saSualo fenis Camoyalibebisa da mcire da saSualo biznesis ganviTarebisaTvis xelSewyobis Taobazea (ix. saSobao  epistole, 1999; saaRdgomo epistole,  2002 da sxv.) saSualo fenas  ilia meore saxelmwifos dasayrdenad, xolo mewarmeobis ganviTarebas - drois moTxovnad da Cveni gadarCenis pirobad miiCnevs. igi pirdapir mouwodebs xelisuflebas - gaaTavisuflos damwyebi mewarmeni droebiT gadasaxadebisagan, riTac mouxsnas maT warumateblobis kompleqsi da gauRvivos saqmis interesi (saSobao epistole, 1999). SeRavaTiani  da dotaciuri kreditebis sakiTxebs igi araerTgzis Seaxsenebs  xelisuflebis da mouwodebs am ukanasknels amgvari nabijiT mosaxleobis mxardaWeris aucileblobaze (ix.: saaRdgomo epistole, 2011; saaRdgomo epistole 2012 da sxv.). 

Tavis epistoleebSi patriarqi iZleva am mimarTulebiT  warmatebis formulas, gasaRebs: warmatebas rom miaRwio, mcirediT, SeiZleba iTqvas, umniSvneloTi unda daiwyo, gamocdileba TandaTan SeiZino da saqmianoba gaafarTovo. maSin iqneba wamowyeba realuri da imedis momcemi.

patriarqis yuradRebis miRma ar rCeba iseTi movlena, rogoricaa adamianTa ndobiT manipulireba da sakuTari miznebisTvis misi gamoyeneba. gansakuTrebiT xSiria aseTi movlenebi gardamaval periodSi, romlis drosac  mosaxleobis umravlesoba „Tavidan ver erkveva situaciaSi, alRos naklebad uRebs movlenebs da yrmasaviT ususuri da mimndobi xdeba maT mimarT, vinc winamZRolis funqciebs sTavazobs“ (saSobao epistole, 2000). aseTi damokidebuleba ara marto miuRebelia eklesiisaTvis, aramed seriozuli zianis momtanic biznesis ganviTarebisa da warmatebis miRwevisaTvis. faqtobrivad, patriarqi amxels adamianis iseT naklovanebas, romelsac biznesis warmoebis sferoSi (da ara marto) TaRliToba hqvia da iZleva gafrTxilebas, rom „materialuri azrovnebis mqone pirovneba bednierebas mxolod momxveWelobaSi hpovebs, WeSmariti morwmune ki, - mowyalebis gacemaSi“  (saaRdgomo epistole, 2013).

adamianur sisusted miiCnevs qarTuli eklesiis saWeTmpyrobeli damokidebulebas azartuli TamaSebisadmi, saTamaSo biznesisadmi, romelsac mravali adamianis ojaxuri simSvide, keTildReoba da, janmrTeloba da TviT sicocxlec ki Seuwiravs. problemis miseuli xedva da negatiuri Sedegis simZimis aRweriloba gangaSis zarebiviT gaismis da „erisa da beris“ swraf da adeqvatur reagirebas saWiroebs:  „es saqmianoba ... biujetisTvis, albaT, momgebiania, magram igi imdenad uaryofiTi movlenaa, rom bevr qveyanaSi saerTod akrZalulia. CvenTan ki mas bolo dros internet-samorinec (kazino) daemata.

Tu Cveulebriv samorineSi (kazinoSi) asaks yuradRebas aqceven da garkveuli Tanxis qona aucilebelia, internet-sivrceSi es SezRudva ar arsebobs; adamianebi, gansakuTrebiT axalgazrdebi, romelTac isedac mcire finansebi aqvT, cdunebas ver umklavdebian da did valSi da did problemebSi vardebian.

katastrofulad izrdeba maTi ricxvi, romelnic mijaWvulni gaxdnen am sacdurze; bevrma qoneba dakarga, mravali ojaxi daingra, zogma Tavic moikla...

vfiqrobT, xelisuflebam Tavisi sityva unda Tqvas am mimarTulebiT, da SesaZleblobisamebr, daicvas qveynis awmyo da momavali“ (saaRdgomo epistole, 2015).

patriarqis wuxils adasturebs statistikac: mxolod bolo oTx weliwadSi (2015 wels 2011 welTan SedarebiT) saTamaSo biznesis brunva saqarTveloSi  TiTqmis xuTjer gaizarda da 2 miliard lars miaRwia,  rac qveynis SinameurneobaTa TiTqmis ori Tvis Semosavlis ekvivalenturia. 

ganvlili aTwleulebis manZilze patriarqis mier bevri mowodeba, SeniSvna, survili ekonomikasa da biznesTan mimarTebaSi ganxorcielda, bevri mowodeba da xedva jerac elis xelisuflebisa da sazogadoebisagan adeqvatur reagirebas.  SeiZleba iTqvas, rom imisda mixedviT, Tu ramdenad swrafad, droulad da srulmasStabianad xdeba mis qadagebebsa da epistoleebSi Camoyalibebuli Sexedulebebisa da rekomendaciebis gaTvaliswineba, SeiZleba vimsjeloT saqarTvelos nebismieri xelisuflebis ara marto eklesiisa da misi saWeTmpyrobelisadmi damokidebulebisa da pativiscemis Taobaze, aramed maT mier miRebuli gadawyvetilebebisa da marTvis efeqtianobazec.

patriarqis epistoleebi ara marto Cveni qveynis sulieri kulturis mniSvnelovan SenaZensa da Zegls, aramed faqtobrivad qarTuli saxelmwifosa da qarTveli eris, marTlmadidebeli mrevlis dasayrdens warmoadgenen sakuTari ganviTarebis veqtorisa da msoflio civilizaciaSi Rirseuli adgilis damkvidrebisaTvis Ziebis procesSi.

 

2016 wlis aprili                     

 

wyaro:

sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos patriarqis, mcxeTa-Tbilisis mTavarepiskoposis, biWvinTisa da cxum-afxazeTis mitropolitis ilia II epistoleni. - Tbilisi, 2016. 

 IX საერთაშორისო  სამეცნიერო კონფერენციის მოხსენებათა კრებული.          ქუთაისი, 2016 წლის 22-23 ოქტომბერი, გვ. 15-20.